Life 4 paws
02-05-2017 by 4Paws
Dogs have a toenail located on the inside part of their front leg that’s called a dew claw. Your groomer will know if your dog has a dew claw or not when they are grooming your dog and will clip it at the same time the rest of the dog’s toenails are trimmed. If this nail is left untrimmed, it can cause pain and damage to the dog’s leg. Some dog breeds have dew claws on their back legs as well.
Because a dog’s dew claw is located up on his leg, when he walks through the grass in the morning before the dew has vanished, the claw skims along the top of the grass. And that’s how the dew claw got its name.
Not all dogs are born with dew claws, some only have the toenail on the front leg and other breeds have them on all four legs. Some breeds can have two dew claws on one or more legs. When a dog has a double claw on a leg, it’s called polydactyl. Some dog breeds are required to have back dew claws if they are being shown in the ring because it’s part of the standard for that breed. The dew claw is attached to the leg with muscle and bone, although not all dew claws have bone in them. Sometimes the toe is attached loosely to the leg and when the dog runs, the toenail can become caught and easily torn. The back dew claw may need to be removed if it’s loose or has been torn to avoid more injury to the dog’s back feet Since most companion dogs do not use or need this claw it is advisable to have them removed therefore reducing the risk that it will get caught on something and cause injury to your dog.
Some rare dog breeds like the Basenji, the New Guinea Singing Dog and the Catahoula Leopard Dog are able to climb trees almost as well as a cat, and they use their dew claws to grasp the tree bark as they climb. Other dogs bred to hunt have also been known to climb trees after their quarry has been treed.
If you decide not to remove the dew claw it must be trimmed on a regular basis even if your dog’s other nails do not need to be trimmed. Because of the position of the claw, left untrimmed, it can curve down so much it becomes ingrown and puts the dog at risk for infection. Most dew claws are not down far enough on the dog’s leg to make contact with the ground which gives the nail no way to be worn down naturally. It’s important to keep these claws trimmed regularly, especially back ones. Left untrimmed, the quick will also grow longer which will make it harder to keep the toenails properly trimmed. Dew claws that are too long can make it easier for the dog to catch one in the brush when he’s running around outside while working or playing. This can result in a torn toe.
For most dogs, the dew claw serves no particular purpose,